physiotherapy

The Apollo college of Physiotherapy was established in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh in 1999 by the Apollo Hospitals Educational & Research Foundation. It is located in jubilee Hills and affiliated to Dr. NTR University of Health Sciences, in Vijayawada. The institution is in a new building and will enroll its ninth batch of students in October, 2007. The aim of the Bachelor’s in Physiotherapy program taught in English is to impart in depth knowledge and skills to students to become competent in the techniques of Physiotherapy, develop the proper attitude required for the practice of Physiotherapy and carry our treatment prescribed by the physician.

The duration of the course is four academic years followed by six months of compulsory internship. Each year of study is divided into two semesters of study. The students are promoted to third semester only upon clearing all the subjects of the first and second semesters. In order to appear for the final examination at the end of the eighth semester, the candidate should pass all subjects up to and including the seventh semester. Otherwise , they will not be allowed to appear for the Final Semester Examination.

During the four years of intensive course work, students are taught 40 subjects for a total of 3200 instructional hours including but not limited to orientation and Instruction to Treatment, Physical Education, English, Sociology, Psychology, Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry to Physiotherapy in Orthopedic conditions, Physiotherapy in Neurological conditions, Bio-mechanics and Applied Anatomy to Physiotherapy in Cardio respiratory conditions, and last but the not least Rehabilitation medicine including Geriatrics.
In addition to the classroom teaching of 3,200 hours, students have six clinical for a total of 1,220 hours . The six month internship of 1,150 hours at the successful completion of the four-year program completes the eligibility requirements for the Bachelor of Physiotherapy degree.

Student’s exposure to clinical starts in the third semester. Students are posted in batches at Apollo Health City and other Hospitals.. In addition to in-patient and out patient hospital postings, students also see patients in the college of Physiotherapy and Intensive care units between 120 to 200 patients per day. Students also take part in workshops., scientific seminars, conferences, and group projects to develop team-work, enthusiasm, and commitment.

The Apollo College of Physiotherapy also gives undivided attention to co-curricular activities like debates, quizzes, sports, painting, singing, drama and cultural competitions Upon the completion of the degree program, students have been exposed to highest quality of education exceeded only by a holistic approach grooming the students to become honorable citizens and distinguished professionals with highest ethical standards.

APOLLO HOSPITALS EDUCATIONAL AND RESEARCH FOUNDATION (AHERF)
APOLLO COLLEGE OF PHYSIOTHERAPY GOVERNING BOARD

Chairman  
Dr. Prathap C. Reddy-Apollo Hospitals Group
President-Project Administrator
Shri G. Surender Reddy-Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad
Secretary & Treasurer-Managing Director,
Smt. Sangita Reddy-Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad
   
Trustees  
Shri K. Umapathy-I.A. S ( retired)
Shri K. Vishweshwar Reddy-Managing Director,Citadel Health Ltd.,
Shri V. J. Chacko-Deputy Managing
  Director, Apollo Indraprastha, Delhi.

 

VISSION & MISSION:

The aim of an under graduate course in physiotherapy is to impart in depth knowledge and skills to a student to become competent in the techniques of Physiotherapy, develop the proper attitude required for the practice of Physiotherapy and carry out treatment prescribed by the physician.

The Graduate of Physiotherapy program

  • Acquires adequate knowledge of the basic medical subjects required in the practice of Physiotherapy.
  • Develops skills and technique of therapeutic massage and exercise or the management of various medical and surgical conditions.
  • Development of proper attitude for compassion and concerned for the individuals and welfare of the physically handicapped in the community.
  • Demonstrates skills in teaching, management, research guidance and counseling.
  • Practices moral and ethical values.

The college had formulated certain subjects and syllabus mandatory for all its students other than the recommended subjects and syllabus by the university. Formative evaluation (throughout the course) was done for such subjects and syllabus. University recommended subjects were only included for summative evaluation (final examination) .

1.ELEMENTARY GENERAL HEALTH PSYCHOLOGY AND ELEMENTARY SOCIOLOGY

 

General Psychology 90 HOURS

  Definition of Psychology
  Heredity and environment
  Development and growth behaviour
  Intelligence, motivation and emotion
  Personality, learning, thinking and frustration
  Sensation, attention, and perception
  Attitudes
  Defence mechanisms of the ego Health psychology
  Psychological reaction of a patient
  Reaction to loss
  Stress, communication and compliance
  Emotional needs
  Geriatric psychology
  Pediatric psychology
  Behaviour modification
  Substance abuse
  Personality style
    
 

2.SOCIOLOGY

 75 HOURS
  Introduction
  Social security
  Sociology and health
  Socialization
  Social groups, family, community and culture
  Cast system, social change, social control
  Social problems of the disabled
  Social worker
  Merits and Demerits of the Social legilation
    
 

3.ENGLISH

 100 HOURS
  Prose –Contemporary English
  Poetry : Magic of the muse
  Grammer
    
 

4. ANATOMY

 

215 HOURS

  Introduction
  Cell and tissues
  Cardiovascular system
  Lymphatic system
  Respiratory system
  Digestive system
  Genitourinary system
  Nervous system
  Endocrine system
  Introduction to bones (Osteology)
  Introduction to joints (syndesmology/arthrology)
  Introduction to muscles
  Upper extremity
  Lower extremity
  Trunk-Thorax-Abdomen
  Pelvis
  Head and neck
    
 

5. PHYSIOLOGY

 

150  HOURS

  Cell introduction
  Skin
  Blood
  Circulation
  Respiration
  Digestion
  Excretion
  Endocrine  system
  Reproductive system
  Nervous system
  Special senses Muscle
    
 

6. ELEMENTS OF BIO-CHEMISTRY

 80 HOURS
  Nutrition
  Carbohydrates
  Lipids
  Proteins
  vitamins
  Enzymes
  Trace Minerals
  Muscle contraction
  Connective Tissue
  Cell Biology
  Hormone Action
  Acid-Base Balance, water and electrolytes
  Clinical Bio chemistry
    
 

7. PHYSIOTHERAPY ORIENTATION & INTRODUCTIONTO TREATMENT

 50 HOURS
  Pattern of Health Care Delivery
  Components of Physiotherapy Profession
  Role of Physiotherapy in Meeting health care needs in India
    
 

8. PHYSICAL  EDUCATION

 

75 HOURS

  The Course will teach the students the various Sports, Games & Physical Fitness
  The course will encourage the students in participation and to learn technique of various Indoor/ Outdoor sporting activitiy and maintenance of Physical fitness in his/her personal & professional carrier.
    
   

50 HOURS

  Introduction,
  General Principles of Management –
  Personnel Management:
  Planning and Organisation
    
 

9. ADMINISTRATION, SUPERVISION & ETHICS

  
  Financial Issues
  Hospital Management
  Self Management
  National Health Policy and Health care system in India
  Organisation of Physiotherapy Department Ethics
  History of Physiotherapy
  Ethical Principles in Health Care
  Ethical Principles related to Physiotherapy
  Scope of Professional conduct
  Rules of profession conduct
  Confidentiality and responsibility
  Malpractice and negligence
  Provision of services and Advertising
  Sale of Goods
  Legal Aspects
10.MICROBIOLOGY 40 HOURS
  Introduction
  Micro-organism
  Disinfections and antiseptics
  Sterilization and asepsis
  Antibacterial agents
  Infections:  Source/entry/spread of infection
  Non-specific immunity    
  Immunity-Natural/acquired
  Allergy and hypersensitivity
  Outline of Common pathogenic bacteria
    
 

11.PATHOLOGY

 40HOURS
  Introduction
  Bacterial, viral parasitic infection
  Inflammation and repair
  Hemorrhage, shock embolism, thrombosis
  Tuberculosis, leprosy and typhoid
 

 

Deficiency diseases
  Tumors
  Blood
  Respiratory system
  Bone and joints
  Skin
  Urinary system
  Central nervous systems
  Rheumatoid arthritis
  Scleroderm and psoriasis
  Diseases of Muscle including poliomyelitis and myopathies
  

Volkmann's ischemia

    
 

12. GENERAL  MEDICINE & GENERAL SURGERY

145  HOURS

  Infection
  Hematology
 

 

Respiratory Tract

  Cardiovascular system
  Bone, joint and connective tissue disorders
  Renal diseases
  Metabolic diseases
  Geriatrics
  General and plastic surgery
  Abdominal surgical incisions
  Post operative complications
  Classifications of burns
  Medical management of burns
  Deformities due to burns
  Prevention and treatment measures
  Burns rehabilitation
    
 

13. PAEDIATRICS

 

50 HOURS

  Growth &development of child ,pediatrics
  Maternal and neonatal factors in high risk regnancy
  Community health program
  WHO, national and local bodies
  Cerebral palsy
  Muscular dystrophy
  Spinabidifa
  Stills’ disease
  Acute CNS infection
  Normal diet of newborn and child
  Lung infections
    
 

14. PHARMACOLOGY

 20 HOURS
  Introduction to pharmacology
  Terminology
  Classification of drugs
  Factors influencing the dosage of drugs and their action
  Autonomic pharmacology
  Drug allergy and toxity mechanism of drug action
  Principles of drug administration and route of distribution, excretion of drugs, factors  influencing drug action, dosage and factors modifying it.
  Definition, action, indication, contra – indication, adverse reactions
    
 

15.OBSTETRICS AND GYNECOLOGY

 20 HOURS
  Review the  anatomy of female pelvis and embryonic and foetal development
  Outline the physiological skeletal changes during pregnancy, delivery and post-partum period.
  Describe an ante-natal programme in preparation for labour:
  Outline the mechanism of labour and post-natal management
  Outline the pre-disposing factors and the role of exercises in the management of stress incontinence and prolapse uterus
  Complications of child birth
  Pre-natal and post natal exercises
    
 

16. BASIC NURSING & FIRST AID

40 HOURS

  Introduction
  First Aid Emergencies
  Skeletal Injuries
  Respiratory Emergencies
  Wounds and Hemorrhage
  Shock and Unconsciousness
  Transportation of the injured
  Community Emergencies
  Community Resources
    
    
 

17. EXERCISE THERAPY

250 HOURS
  Mechanics
 

 

Muscle actions
  Pelvic tilt
  Starting positions
  Movements
  Passive movements
  Active movemts
  Progressive resisted exercises
  Muscle grading
  Re-education of muscles joint mobility
  Goniometry
  Crutch walking
  Relaxation
  Posture
  Gait
  Coordination
  Suspension therapy
  Hydrotherapy
  Complications of bed rest
    
 

18. MASSAGE

 80 hours
  History
  Mechanical points to be considered
  Manipulation technique
  Physiological effects and uses
  Indications and contraindications
  Massage for upper limb
  Massage for lower limb
  Massage for back
  
    Massage for face
    
 

19. BIOMECHANICS

 

80 HOURS

  Mechanics
  Joint structure and function
  Muscle structure and function
  The vertebral column
  The shoulder complex
  The elbow complex
  The wrist and hand complex
  The hip complex
  Knee complex
  Ankle and foot complex
  Posture Gait
    
 

20. PT IN VETERINARY SCIENCES

 

  10 HOURS
  Comparative Anatomy
  Observation and examination
  Causes of injuryTreatment and rehabilitation

21 ELECTROTHERAPY  (Low & Medium Frequency )

 

200  HOURS

  Introductory Physics
  Electricity
  Static Electricity
  Current Electricity
  Magnetism
  Moving coil milliammeter
  Voltmeter
  Transformer
  Chokes
  Electric valves or thermionic valves
  Metal valve rectifiers
 

 

Ionisation
   

Low – Frequency

  Interrupted galvanic current
  Effects of interrupted galvanic current on innervated and denervated muscles
  Characteristics of stimulating current
  Threshold of stimulation
 

 

Physiological effects of IG current, chemical and therapeutic effects
  Electro diagnostic tests
  Characteristics of normal and denervated muscle
  Peripheral nerve lesions
  Selection of current
    
 

22. ELECTROTHERAPY (HIGH FREQUENCY)

 

150 HOURS

  Define electricity
  Magnetism
  Define electromagnetic induction
  Condensers
  Valves
  Rectifiers
 

 

Fuse and grid
  Discuss the various devices used in regulating intensity of current.
  Define oscillation
 

 

Radiant energy
  Electro magnetic waves and its properties
  Physiological and therapeutic effects  of high frequency currents
  

Short Wave diathermy

  Actinotherapy
  Infrared radiation
  Microwave diathermy
  Paraffin wax and moist heat
  Ultrasonic therapy
  Cryotherapy
  Interferential therapy
  TENS
  LASER
  Ultra violet radiation
    
 23. CLINICAL  ORTHOPAEDICS 

125 HOURS

  Introduction to orthopaedics
  Principles of operative treatment
  Sprains and muscle strains
  Fractures and dislocations
  Upper limb fractures and dislocations
  Lower limb fractures and dislocation
  Spinal fractures and dislocations
  Recurrent dislocations
  Amputations
  Bone & joint infections
  Bone joint tumors
 

 

Chronic arthritis
  Low back ache painful arc syndrome , tendonitis facitis & spasmoidic torticollis
  Spinal deformities
  Poliomyelitis
  Congenital deformities
  Peripheral nerve injuries
  Hand injuries
  Leprosy
  Basic knowledge of implants
  Sports injuries and its management
 

 

  
 

24. PHYSIOTHERAPY IN ORTHOPAEDIC CONDITIONS

 

110 HOURS

  define fracture,  review the types signs and symptoms
  describe the PT assessment of a patient with a fracture during the immobilization
  list the aims of PT management in a patient with a fracture
  Review manual mechanical, skin, skeletal, lumbar and cervical traction
  Describe the methods of mobilization of a patient/extremity after healing of a fracture
  review the mechanism of injury, clinical features, treatment and complications and describe the PT management and Home program
  describe briefly the general and PT assessment of the vertebral column
 

 

review cervical and lumbar spondylosis, spondylolysthesis, TB spine and spinal fracture outline PT assessment and management
  List the common postural abnormalities affecting the spine.
  Review the clinical features and describe the PT management of Ankylosing spondylitis
  Intervertebral Disc prolapse
  Define the soft tissue injuries, review their etiology and clinical features and describe their treatment
  Review upper and lower limb and spinal orthosis and prosthesis.
  Review the indications and principles of amputations of the upper and lower limb  describe PT management
  Define poliomyelitis and review PT management
  cerebral palsy,
  Rheumoatiod Arthritis
  Osteoarthrits
  leprosy
 

 

different degrees of burns, PT assessment and management
    
 25. COMMUNITY  MEDICINE 

150 HOURS

  Outline the natural history of diseases
  Outline the various measures of prevention and methods of intervention especially for diseases with disability
  Outline the national care delivery system
  Outline selected national health programmes
  Define occupational health and list methods of prevention of occupational diseases
  Outline of the employees state insurance scheme and its benefits
  Describe the social  security measures for protection from occupational hazards, accidents, diseases and workman’s compensation act
  Outline the objectives and strategies of the national Family Welfare Programme
  Define community based and institution based rehabilitation.  Describe its advantage and disadvantages.
  Describe the communicable diseases 
  Describe the Epidemiology of Rheumatic heart disease cancer, chronic degenerative disease and cerebrovascular accidents
  Outline the influence of nutritional factors such as protein Energy Malnutrition, Anaemia, Vitamin deficiency and minerals on disability
  Health education: Its principles, methods of communication, role in rehabilitative services
  Define the role of community leaders and health professionals in health educationOutline the role of international health agencies in rehabilitation of the disabled.

26. CLINICAL NEUROLOGY

 

125 HOURS

  Neuroanatom
  Neurophysiology
  Clinical features and management of
  
    Congenital childhood disorders
  • Cerebrovascular accidents
  • Trauma
  • Diseases of the spinal cord
  • Demyelinating diseases (central and peripheral)
  • Degenerative disorders
  • Infections
  • Diseases of muscle
  • Peripheral nerve disorders
  • Miscellaneous: epilepsy,myasthenia gravis, intra cranial tumours motor neuron diseases
  Assessment
    
 

27. PHYSIOTHERAPY IN NEUROLOGICAL CONDITIONS

 

110 HOURS

  Review of neuroanatomy and physiology
  Principles of assessment
  Principles of treatment
  Cerebral palsy
  Peripheral nerve lesions
  Musclular dystrophy
  Parkinsonism
  Spinal cord lesions
  Hemiplegia
  Cerebellar lesions
  Poliomyelitis
    
 

28. YOGA, ACUPUNTURE AND  ACCUPRESURE

 

50 HOURS

  The objective of the course is to enable the student to apply the therapeutic principles of Yoga, Acupuncture and Acupressure in the practice of Physiotherapy
    
 

29. CLINICAL  CARDIO- RESPIRATORY

 

125 HOURS

  Anatomy and physiology of cardio-respiratory system,
  The relationship of  Bony thorax and lungs to each other and to the abdominal contents
  Variations in bony cage- cervical ribs, rickets – rickety rosary ,Pigeon chest, funnel chest, scoliosis, kyphosis
  Thoracic movements ,
  Muscles of respiration
  Anatomy and  physiology of heart
  Physiological control of respiration
  Blood pressure
  Cough reflex
  Mechanical factors in breathing
  Ventilation, perfusion
  Pulmonary function assessment
  Cardio vascular stress testing
  Basics of arhyhimias, sycope and its management
  Fundamentals of ECG
  Cardiac surgery:Closed heart surgery open heart surgery
  Thoracic surgery
  Fracture ribs
  Neumothorax, haemothorax,
  Haemopneumothorax
  Emphyema: causes and treatment and describe briefly on Inter costal drainage Window operation, Rib resection, Decortication. 
  Suppurative lung lesions
  tuberculosis
  Carcinoma lung
  Surgical incisions
  Post-operative managements of patients with segmentectomy, Lobectomy, Bilobeotomy, Pneumonectomy, Pleuropneumonectomy &      Tracheostomy
  Ventilator principles and uses
  Pre-operative assessment and management  posted for thoracotomy
  Management in thoracotomy
  Postoperative procedures and Management of endotrocheal  Endonasal tubes, tracheal suction, Weaning the patient from  ventilator extubation & post extubation
  Cardiopulmonary resuscitation: cardiac massage, artificial respiration, defribrillators and their uses
    
 

30. PHYSIOTHERAPY IN CARDIO- RESPIRATORY   
CONDITIONS

 

110 HOURS

  Anatomy
  Physiology
  General over view: assessment
  General over view : Physical treatment
  Physiotherapy in obstructive lung diseases
  Physiotherapy in chest infections
  Physiotherapy in restrictive lung disorders
  Principles of intensive care physiotherapy
  Physiotherapy after pulmonary surgery
  Physiotherapy after cardiac surgery
  Physiotherapy in general surgery
  Physiotherapy in rehabilitation after myocardial infarction
    
 

31. REHABILITATION MEDICINE

 

 50 HOURS

  Introduction
  Therapeutic techniques
  Communication problems
  Behavioural problems
  Pain
  Evaluation of physical dysfunction
  Orthotic devices
  Prosthetic devices
  Mobility aids
  Pre vocational evaluation
  Architectural barriers
  Disability evaluation
  Legal aspects
  Social implications
  Community based rehabilitation module
  geriatrics rehabilitation
    
 

32. VISITS AND  SPECIAL  LECTURES

 

100 HOURS

  Medical terminology
  Research methodology
  Bio-Statistics
  Radiology
  Various diagnostics procedures
  Field trips to rehabilitation Homes: Cerebral Palsy, Old age Homes
    
 

33. PROJECT /CASE RECORD

 

70 HOURS

  

Project duration:  6th semester to 8th semester
Submitted project on
“ Cervical Disc Syndrome”

   

1150 hours

    
 

COMPULSORY ROTATORY INTERNSHIP PROGRAM

 

165 HOURS

  Department of orthopaedic surgery
  Paediatric orthopaedic
  Geriatric orthopaedic
  Replacement arthroplasty
  Accident surgery and trauma care
  Orthopaedic out patient epartment
  Physical medicine and rehabilitation in patient department
  Weekly care presentation / discussion
  Clinical physiotherapy seminars
  Doctors lectures
    
 

Neuro Rehabilitation

 

165 HOURS

  Department of Neuro medicine
  Department of Neurosurgery
  NICU
  Neurology out patient
  Stroke
  Geriatric rehabilitation
  Weekly case presentation / discussion
  Clinical /PT seminars
  Doctors Lectures
    
 

Cardiothoracic Rehabilitation

 

165 HOURS

  Department of Cardiac Medicine
  Department of cardiac Surgery
  ICU, ICCU
  Cardiology out Patient Department
  Department of thoracic surgery
  IRCU
  Pulmonology out patient department
  Patient education in cardiac rehabilitation
  Weekly case presentation / discussion
  Clinical /PT seminars
  Doctors lectures
    
 

Plastic Surgery, Hand Rehabilitation, Burns, etc.,

 

165 HOURS

  Department of general surgery
  Department of Plastic surgery and burns
  Out Patient department
  Burns rehabilitation
  Weekly case presentation / discussion
  Clinical /PT seminars
  Doctors lectures
    
 

Rheumatology

 

165 HOURS

  Physical medicine and rehabilitation out patient department
  Physical medicine an rehabilitation in patient department
  Department of rheumatology
  Rheumatology out patient department
  Patient education/rehabilitation
    
 

Leprosy Rehabilitation

 

165 HOURS

  Weekly case presentation
  Clinical / PT seminars
  Doctors lectures
    
 

Genral Medicine / Ob Gyn

 

160 HOURS

  Department of general medicine
  IMCU
  Leprosy and communal health Department of  obstetrics
  Out patient department
  Department of gynaecology
  Out patient department
  Women’s health and national family welfare
    
 

CLINICALS

  
  

Clinical practice in student ship
( From 3rd to 8th semester) = 1220 HOURS

  

Clinical Practice in internship
(6 months of rotatory internship) = 1150 HOURS

  

Total Theory+ Practical /lab  Hours = 4315 HOURS

  

Marks scored = Refer enclosed Transcript

  For further details please verify enclosed TRANSCRIPT

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *